Wildrose Carolinas was happy to be a part of the Families of the Wounded Fund (FOTWF) annual Jason Mann Memorial Hunt on October 24, 2020. The FOTWF raises funds for families who have sacrificed so much in the Global War on Terror including caring for their severely wounded family members at McGuire Veterans Hospital’s polytrauma unit in Richmond, Virginia and at Ft Belvoir, Virginia, among others.
The event took place at Rose Hill Game Preserve in historic Culpeper County, Virginia where the featured activities were a traditional European Tower Shoot followed by an upland bird hunt. Archer, Wildrose Carolina sire, enjoyed his day afield at Rose Hill. He showcased his game finding ability with over 10 rounds of shooting throughout the day, locating and retrieving birds for the shooters which included wounded veterans.
Wildrose Carolinas is proud to support Families of the Wounded Fund and look forward to participating in this event in the years ahead.
Steven Lucius, Wildrose Carolinas email@example.com
Have you ever seen a dog alert a diabetic when their blood sugar is dropping or going too high? It is quite a sight, one that is not easily forgotten. The Wildrose standard for producing dogs includes calm temperaments, powerful hunting instincts, biddable nature and natural scenting abilities. Research tells us that some dogs have 220 million or more olfactory receptors compared to 5 million for humans. Gundog owners seek dogs with good noses to recover their game easily resulting in our high standard for dogs with epic scenting genetics.
Owners of Wildrose dogs are discovering other benefits of their dogs having top-of-the-line scenting abilities. With diabetic alerts, the dog is smelling a change in the odor the human body emits as blood sugars go up or down. That change of odor must also occur when cancer invades a body. We received a call from a client telling us that her Wildrose companion suddenly began chewing her bra that was placed in the dirty clothes basket only to later discover that she had breast cancer. Another client who had a Wildrose diabetic alert dog noticed that the dog began placing his head on the client’s chest repeatedly, something the dog had not done previously. Shortly thereafter, it was discovered that our friend had lung cancer in the exact location indicated.
Our Wildrose dogs are being used as search and rescue dogs, cadaver dogs, and even used to determine the source of a fire. It was a Wildrose dog who discovered a drowned body after a week of searching by officials using other means.
Two new discoveries have been made concerning the scenting abilities of our Wildrose dogs and “The Wildrose Way” of training. After Hurricane Michael made landfall and caused irreparable damage, a tree species called Torreya Taxifolia was added to the endangered list. Floridian Donna Wright had many of these trees on her property which had been severely damaged by the storm. She owns Tucker, a German Shorthair Pointer, and wondered if he could be trained to find if any of these trees survived the storm. After going to a couple of other trainers, she found out about the Wildrose Way, and contacted Shawn at Wildrose Carolinas. Shawn and Donna worked together to train Tucker to successfully “sniff out” the trees.
Jean Meckstroth who owns Wildrose Archer found a new way to engage Archer and his excellent scenting ability. She and Archer began competing with the National Association of Canine Nose Work. Here she tells her story in collaboration with trainer,Jill Kovacevich:
After my Scout passed, a yellow female lab that was the love of my life, I wanted to bring home another lab that was biddable and eager to become a member of our family and able to accompany me on fun activities in the Colorado mountains. I was referred to Wildrose Kennels based on a family recommendation that Wildrose had quality labs with pedigrees traced to Yorkshire England. I met Mike while he was conducting summer training at the Wildrose Colorado location and while I wasn’t seeking a gundog for hunting or field trials, Wildrose was eager to place a dog with me as an adventure dog, one that could and would hike the Colorado mountain trails, swim in our mountain lakes and be an all-around mountain adventure dog. I was excited to have Archer, a black lab pup, placed in my care as my companion and as a new member of my dog-loving family.
My first steps were to seek out obedience training with our local trainer in Edwards CO Mark Ruark. After completing puppy class and classes over the next year or more, Mark suggested that Archer needed a job and might enjoy doing Nose Work.At that time, I had no idea what “Nose Work” was or how to train Archer to do sport scent detection work. Mark referred me to Mountain Dogs for training in the sport of K9 Nose Work®.
I arrived at class and met the trainers, Cathy and Jill, who are Certified Nose Work Instructors (CNWI) with the National Association of Canine Nose Work (NACSW™). NACSW was founded in 2008 in California with the goal to extend the joy and skills of professional scent detection work, to companion dogs and their handlers. See nacsw.netfor more information.
Once the introductions were over, Cathy and Jill offered for me to observe the advanced dogs searching for the target odors of Birch, Anise or Clove. I was immediately fascinated and amazed at how fast the dogs located the hides (essential oil q tips in a barrier tin) and the remarkable skill level of their dogs doing scent detection work. Even better, the dogs were over the top with excitement enjoying the hunt. I immediately became very interested in finding out whether Archer and myself had a future in the companion sport of Nose Work.
When the advanced dogs completed their search runs, I was asked if Archer was a toy or food reward dog and did I bring dog treats or toys to class to start training. I answered neither, that Archer’s training was done without using food or toys in keeping with Wildrose training methodology. We then had a discussion about Archer needing a job and that no one, even a dog, should be expected to work for free. I was assured that there were plenty of treats on hand and to trust Cathy and Jill to work with Archer and provide him an opportunity to experience “Intro to Nose Work” and then decide if I wanted to pursue further training.
We then placed 10-15 open boxes on the floor and began to place treats in a few and Archer was enthralled. He learned the box hunt “game” in seconds and demonstrated his Wildrose bloodlines as an exemplary hunter with Levenghyl lines. By the end of a few rounds of box hides using primary food as the reward, I was hooked. And as they often say…. the rest is history.
In the months and year since our first intro to Nose Work class, Archer and I have excelled as a Nose Work Team and competed in 2020 in Colorado competition trials earning our NW1 and NW2 NACSW titles with First Place Overall for both levels. Archer is such a joyful hunter and our companion bond is so rewarding to excel as a team. Each and every day is a potential Nose Work day and participating in this competition level sport is especially gratifying as a team, continually building our canine-human bond. While 2020 has been a challenging year for us all, it provided Archer and me the time to solidify our training and become a quality advanced search team ready to move up in the ranks of K9 Nose Work to level 3 and onto Elite in 2021. Our future in Nose Work is certain to be fun and satisfying with this Wildrose hunt dog.
It is thrilling to read these stories and celebrate these victories! Donna has agreed to tell us more about Tucker’s training and work in Florida locating these rare trees in our next Journal. Stay tuned for more rewarding stories of Wildrose dogs and the Wildrose Way.
Cathy Stewart, Wildrose International firstname.lastname@example.org
The Wildrose 4 x 4 Lining Concept is the most effective way to train a retriever to take and carry straight lines to a mark or an unseen despite environmental or physical influences. Practicing the four steps for each concept consistently with variable conditioning is habit formation at its finest… developing abilities that will endure a lifetime.
The 4 x 4 lining exercise is an extension of our previously discussed technique we called inversions. An inversion is simply reversing the line or mark of each training drill. If a lining memory is run from open ground into cover and success is achieved, invert the memory and repeat it from the cover into the open ground. Dogs are creatures of habit and remain very place oriented. By reversing an exercise you ensure that the retriever understands the skill despite the influencing factors.
We take inversions to the next level to further develop our gundog’s field performance using the 4 x 4 approach so “lock your hubs” and let’s get started. The basic principle is this. Run each exercise (unseen, mark or memory) in 4 directions:
A straight-in retrieve using a trailing memory lined from one type of terrain into another
Invert: a trailing memory in the reverse of step 1
Angle entry memories involving the same location and changes in terrain as step 1
Angle exit memories run in the reverse of step 3.
The process will likely take several attempts for the starter to perfect but by not reversing the exercise and including angle entries/exits to and from abrupt changes in the terrain, one will surely produce deficiencies in field performances.
Now that we have the 4 x 4 concept understood as to its set up and purpose, let’s run a few lining drills The Wildrose Way to develop an unstoppable retriever.
The inexperienced retriever will often break down on a line soon after entering an abrupt change in terrain like entering a wood line from open ground. We condition a dog to drive deep into a wooded area to pick a fall initially using a trailing memory. The setup is run from light cover or open ground straight into the wooded area. Once successful with a single followed by a laddered double, reverse the set up. Using a trailing memory, place the bumper some distance in the field. Enter the woods at least 15 yards or more, then line for the memory. The dog, therefore, understands that retrieves may be won by holding a straight line both into and out of a change in cover despite the type. They become proficient at driving deep and holding a straight line which will bring success.
Now for step 3 and 4 which are necessary to perfect angle entries and exits involving changes in terrain. Dogs that strike an abrupt change in cover, terrain or even an easily negotiated physical obstacle like a fence can experience a disruption in their line. Basically, a ricochet effect.
Using a trailing memory initially, run left and right angle approaches to the wood line at about 45 degrees ensuring the dog holds the line straight in from the field into the woods. Next, reverse the same running angle lines from the woods out into the field.
We teach our gundogs to negotiate ditches and streams with confidence by beginning with memories lining straight crossing to the far bank. Again, achieve success with both single and laddered doubles. Invert making the crossings from the opposite bank. As before, we move to angle approaches lining left and right to strike the ditch bank at an angle. All bumpers are on the far bank at this point. Next, reverse and do the same on the opposite bank. All retrieves thus far are bank to bank. Ditches and stream banks can definitely influence a dog’s line to a fall.
Finally, we introduce recoveries located in the ditch itself or along a water’s edge in a creek. Utilize the same 4 x 4 routine:
Retrieves are made from both sides of the bank with finds actually in the ditch. As you progress, be sure to balance recoveries both in the ditch and beyond the ditch to the opposite bank.
Any upland gundog needs to learn to successfully negotiate multi-strand fences by going under or over a short wall or thick hedgerow. Same 4 x 4 principle is used to condition the dog not to be influenced by the barrier realizing the structure is not a physical limitation and it’s totally negotiable. A dog with no prior exposure may well deviate from their line and follow the contour of the structure.
The handler will need waders for the experience of perfecting water entries and exits. The first step is obviously sight and trailing memories, single and doubles from a distance which provides a long run on land before entering the water. Next, invert while standing in shallows. Line the dog out of the water onto the bank for a distant land pick. You can incorporate a water stand, decoys (land and water), etc. to add to the realism. We want to achieve a direct exit and re-entry at the water.
It’s time to incorporate angle entries. First, longer land runs into the water from different angles. With success, reverse the angles for exits on to land while standing in the water.
It’s common to see trainers accomplish these lessons on land to water but in the real world of waterfowling, many retrieves are initiated while standing in water and some require recoveries on land far from the water’s edge. Do not omit these situations training lessons.
A great group training exercise for the upland retriever involves 2 to 4 people on a walk up. In this example, we will use a woodland that borders an open field. With all handlers with their dogs situated in a walkup line, half are spaced out in the woods, the others equally spaced out in the field. Let’s number our party for clarity. Left to right as 1, 2, 3, 4.
1 and 2 begin in the woods while 3 and 4 are afield. The straight line moves forward. 4 throws a mark directly in front of his position for 1. The dog must directly exit the woods at an angled line as other dogs remain steady. Once completed, the line moves forward again. 1 throws a mark directly in front of his position. 4 is released and must cross the open ground and drive deep into the woods to recover.
Now 1 and 2 change places as will 3 and 4 to become the outside pickers. Again, the exercise is repeated.
Phase II of the exercise requires a rotation of handlers as they swap places between the woodlands and open field. The activity then begins again. The dogs get exposure to both factors by the inversion.
The 4 x 4 lining concepts put any gundog into game recovery overdrive by ensuring that our training is balanced in each exercise which is The Wildrose Way of developing field skills that will endure a lifetime.
Mike Stewart, Wildrose International email@example.com
Dallas Hunting and Fish Club 2880 Dowdy Ferry Fd Dallas, TX 75217
Join us for a British gundog day at the exclusive Dallas Hunting and Fish Club. Arrive early for the pre shoot rundown and training from 8-10am, we will shoot at 10:45 and a catered lunch will be served at 1:30. We will shoot 200 pheasants and Elevensies will be provided. This event is exclusively offered to Wildrose Texas by Joe Crafton and this is the only time non members of The Dallas Hunting and Fish Club are invited to shoot at a tower shoot at the club. We hope you will join us for this fun Wildrose TSR (train, shoot, retrieve).
John Fleming’s Wildrose Rusty (Wigeon x Roxy) was chosen for the very last 2020-2021 South Carolina duck stamp! They are ending the program and Rusty is on the final painting. The painting will hang in the State House. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources unveiled the painting at the southeastern Wildlife Exposition last February. The background is a wood duck in the Sparkleberry Swamp. John stated that Rusty has a wonderful disposition and is wonderful hunting companion. 20-21DuckStampOrderFormweb.pdf (sc.gov)SCDNR – Annual Migratory Waterfowl Stamp
This recipe was inspired by a participant in the Southeastern Outdoor Press Association (SEOPA) Conference hosted by Wildrose Oxford during Fall, 2019. Always looking for tasty pheasant preparations, I asked the writer for his favorite pheasant recipe. His reply was “pheasant pie.” When I queried about ingredients, his list included a can of Veg-All and a can of mushroom soup, in addition to the pheasant, of course. As I thanked him, I was already thinking of ways to “kick it up a notch.” Please try my version and see what you think.
2-4 qt water
1 large onion
a few carrots
a few stalks celery, with leaves
smoked turkey or chicken carcass
2-4 whole pheasant breasts
a few quail, if available
2-4 tsp concentrated chicken stock (Better than Bullion)
salt and pepper
2 prepared pie crusts (Pillsbury is best)
1 large or 4 small leeks, chopped and rinsed well to remove sand
1/2 medium onion
1 celery stalk, plus leaves
1 1/2 large or 3 small carrots
2 large or 4 small cloves garlic
4 T fat
6 T flour
3 cups stock
3 cups coarsely chopped meat
1/2 cup frozen corn
1/2 cup frozen green beans
salt and pepper
Directions for Stock
1. Smoke a leftover turkey or chicken carcass.  If you have a smoked bird, use the carcass directly for the stock. (I smoked a turkey carcass for an hour at 250 F, using applewood chips for smoke. A chicken carcass should only take 30-40 minutes.)  If you can’t smoke the carcass, use smoked salt in the stock, in addition to 1-2 teaspoons dried thyme and 2 bay leaves.
2. Combine water, vegetables, carcass and seasonings in a large stock pot. [3,4] Adjust amounts of water and vegetables according to how much meat you have. Note that I used 2 whole pheasants rather than pheasant breasts. Simmer for 10 minutes, then add game birds. [5,6] Skim away any foam that forms on the surface as the stock cooks. Poach birds until just cooked, then remove, cool and debone for use in the pie. Pheasants should take 15-20 minutes,  quail about 10 minutes.  If there is meat on the chicken or turkey carcass, remove that as well. (Deboning the meat is the only tedious part of this recipe.) [9,10]
3. At this point, you can strain the broth. However, I like to incorporate all the flavor from the vegetables in the stock. If you have an immersion blender, use it to emulsify the vegetables directly in the pot. Or, as I did, skim out all the vegetables, put them in a blender with about 1/2 cup of stock, (11) and blend until smooth. Stir the vegetable puree back into the stock. 
Directions for the Pie
4. Preheat oven to 375 F.
5. Heat fat in a heavy-bottom pan. If you have bacon grease, combine it with butter to make 4 T or 1/4 cup. If not, use oil and butter to make 4 T.
6. Chop vegetables slightly larger than a kernel of corn.  Saute vegetables until soft, starting with carrots, celery and onion;  then add leeks and garlic.  There should still be fat visible on the vegetables. If not, add more fat. Add 6 T (3/8 cup) flour  and stir for at least 1 minute to cook out the raw flour taste. Add stock, 1 cup at a time. Bring the mixture to a boil, stirring constantly. The sauce should be thick.  If not, mix more flour in a bit of stock and add until you get the desired thickness. (Frozen vegetables will thin out the sauce, so it should be very thick at this point.) Roughly chop the combination of meats  and add 3 cups to the sauce. Add the frozen vegetables and stir to incorporate.  (Use any combination of frozen vegetables according to your taste.)
7. Carefully roll out one prepared pie crust and place it on a large (at least 9 inch) pie plate.  Add filling.  Place second crust on top and seal by pinching the two crusts together around the edge of the plate.  Bake at 375 F for 40-50 minutes until crust is uniformly golden brown.  (Do not bake more than one pie at a time. The time will be unpredictable and the baking uneven.) Allow pie to cool (30 minutes is best, but at least 10 if you can’t wait). Enjoy! 
Occasionally a retriever may be encountered that would be considered somewhat less than “speedy” in their retrieving work… that is, we have a dog in the slow lane. A dog in this group may show reasonable enthusiasm going out for a retrieve which is fun only to return at a gait that is much slower. Our other example would be the dog is slow on the outbound for the retrieve as well.
The handler’s questions is, of course, how can the dog’s slow gait be improved? What are the options for the slower dog? In seeking solutions for any dog’s issues in training or afield, our first question must be “why?” Determine what may be the cause/effect relationships that could be contributors or causes of our problem.
We will need to consult the problem-solving matrix, page 45, Sporting Dog & Retriever Training, the Wildrose Way. Here we have a guideline to help identify the possible “whys” that could be contributing to the dog’s slow gait.
First, most people immediately think that the slowness of the dog must be genetic so we begin here. It is true that like does produce like quite often. Parents of a plodder may well have been amblers themselves. Perhaps the dog comes from a mating that was not well planned which produced pups that by nature were less predisposed for drive and speed. If one discovers that the particular line of dogs was less than energetic afield, some options for improvement exist (continue to read) that could help but the results may be limited long term. One can fairly quickly explore the genetic possibility and put this quadrant to rest. There is much more to consider if the parents, littermates or pups from previous matings don’t display similar behaviors.
The next consideration requires one to honestly look at themselves if solutions are to be discovered. Why?
Relationship – trust, confidence, the family influences
Training methods – do they complement or detract from the desirable?
Slow on the Return
This is a dog that shows reasonable style and speed going out for a retrieve only to be less than enthusiastic for a quick return once the stimuli (the pick) is made. Fast out – slow return. This may even arise later in a dog’s life when bumper training and boring exercises become redundant and less than inspiring for the experienced dog. With other dogs there may be other reasons. Again, ask yourself why.
One possible reason for the habit of slow returns began during hold conditioning for delivery to hand or other restrictive training experiences. The dog’s exposure to corrections or negative reinforcement during the training process that over time produced a careful, more methodical gait as the student concentrated more on holding the bumper or avoiding mistakes than the speed of the return. The enthusiasm for the recovery is over as the pick-up is made and now the dog is focusing on a careful delivery or avoiding the handler’s displeasure. The handler may further expect a sit and hold at delivery which the dog finds boring or wishes to avoid the correction forthcoming from a less-than-stable delivery to hand. These anticipations of discipline or the recollection of previous corrections were all created by the trainer. The handler could be the cause for a lethargic return.
Our solution will be to reduce the pressure on the dog a bit while adding some enthusiasm on the part of the handler to encourage a more prompt gait. Increase the tempo, reduce the size of the bumper, involve swimming on the return, switch locations for retrieves frequently, avoid boring, repetitious retrieves.
Use body language to your advantage. Provide a bit of enthusiastic animation. Turn and move away as the dog approaches. Involve huge, exciting, affectionate rewards upon the return. Sit down and make yourself low, more welcoming rather than looming over the dog. It is about tempo, facial expression, and tone to promote confidence and enthusiasm in the dog. Make training enjoyable.
Reduce the pressure of a stylish delivery of the bumper for a time like holding, turning, sitting and continuing to hold. Rather, just let the dog make a delivery to hand to your front, take the bumper, give an excited reward, then tell the dog to come to heel.
Another tip that can prove resourceful is to set up retrieves so the dog will be returning down a hill or sloping terrain to encourage momentum. Often retrieves in thick cover will inhibit the dog’s gait. Over time the habit of a quicker step will become more of a habit and hopefully transfer to other locations.
Slow on the Outbound
Body conditioning matters. The effects of an overweight dog, one that remains in poor physical condition on a continuous basis could be a cause of the slowness: endurance and low athletic abilities. The out-of-shape dog will not last through multiple retrieves in training so through repetition the dog’s slow speed becomes a habit. The solution here is obvious.
Promote enthusiasm for the training game. Similar techniques apply that were touched on above. First, are the training practices boring? Second, is the handler’s relationship with the dog one of trust that promotes confidence in the dog or is the dog worried, stressed in training, fearful, or confused?
Have fear factors occurred in the training: water shyness, sensitivity to gunfire, aggression experienced from other dogs afield, handler over controlling or mistiming corrections, over handling? Has the training become counterproductive to the dog’s enthusiasm or confidence? The dog’s anticipation of the handler’s attitude, responsiveness, fairness plays a part at this point.
The handler’s temper, emotional instability, mistimed confused commands, and unclear signals are all possibilities that can influence a dog’s field performance if continued over time. Depending on the individual dog’s personality, examine the:
Tips for Increasing Enthusiasm and Speed
Retrieve downhill to improve momentum
Provide a quicker release for some retrieves de-emphasizing delay occasionally
Use exciting marks more frequently such as hand launcher shots fired to skim along the water’s surface. Utilize high-value targets like cold game, a tennis ball skimmed along the surface by a chuck-it (prey drive). Incorporate techniques that provide excitement and interest.
A slow water entry may be improved by not sending the dog right at the water’s edge especially with an abrupt drop in the water’s depth. Back away and use water that provides a gradual gain in depth. Get that running start.
Group dynamics. Use an older, stable dog with energy, drive and speed to stimulate the slower of the pack to mimic the behavior. Competition does have its influence.
Reduce overhandling if the practice has become too frequent. Too many whistle stops going out could definitely impact momentum.
When addressing any problem with a gundog or adventure companion, one becomes a solutionist. First look at yourself. The relationship. The methods.
Be slow to use force in corrections, rather shape and teach.
Be quick to reward successes.
Don’t become boring in training.
Be a great communicator (Timing, Tempo, Tone).
Don’t put in a problem that must be trained out later.
Be the pack leader earning the dog’s respect and trust.
All serve to improve the dog’s enthusiasm and confidence and in turn you may see improved speed and style in the field.
At the end of the day, you may just have a slower dog with a more methodical nature. One that is more concerned about results than speed which is really not that unfortunate. Consider that our real objective is game recovery. Remember the quote from the famed lawman, Wyatt Earp, “Fast is fine, but accuracy is everything.”
Tom Beckbe Releases a Limited Edition Wildrose Fox Red Tensaw Jacket
Wildrose recently partnered with the bespoke outdoor clothing company Tom Beckbe to offer a limited edition Wildrose Edition Fox Red Tensaw jacket. We combined the colors of all our Fox Red dogs to create this one of kind masterpiece.
The jacket is traditional waxed cotton with the iconic Wildrose puppy on a leather patch on the bellows pocket. Each conventional Tom Beckbe jacket comes with a label that has a lot number and serial number, except for this special edition the lot number is WR and each of the 100 jackets has its own serial number. The jackets sold out in the first few days on the Tom Beckbe website (www.tombeckbe.com), but we have a very limited number in our store.
Call us at 662-234-8636 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org get yours before these collector’s items disappear.
Just about the time the oppressive heat of summer has fried the mind and patience, a final cut of hay is done on the place. The air lightens as the tightly rolled round bales dot the clean green pastures of fescue and Bahiagrass halting its growth in preparation for the killing frost. It is a scene which summons thoughts of the crisp crunch of leaves felt under foot and the compression of water around waders. The prologue of hunting season begins and we can hardly contain ourselves in that lapse of space between the first cool morning and first shooting light.
It does not matter that in this prologue there will be a scorcher or two… or three. They halt us not in our planning. For we know full well that these hot and humid days are the last gasps of summer’s breath as it gives way to the twilight season where hunters and hunted stir about the fencerows and fields; wood lines and water.
Shotguns that were tenderly and pristinely put away last year at the end of the season are once again exhumed like ancient relics and wiped down mechanically weeks before they are shouldered and pointed at mallard or bobwhite. Hats, jackets, boots, and bags are brought forth for meticulous and ordered inspection. Even smartphone wallpapers aren’t neglected as big fish photo gives way to pointing dog or retriever postured with fallen fowl in its mouth.
And it is of these who hunt for and with us that there is a plethora of musings which speak to that unspoken connection we have to our dogs. We find ourselves in observation of shifting temperament and actions of those best four-legged hunting partners on the cusp of cooler weather. Our hunting companions are barometers that serve as conduits to the natural world.
During those “Dog Days,” they loll about under shade trees as their tongues labor with panting in the long swelter. They, like us, seem to grow older and less sure. But when the first leaf exchanges its green hue for gold and loosens its stem, hunting dog and hunter are rejuvenated. The to and fro float from tree to earth is a hypnotic foreshadow of falling feathers after covey rises when once again man and beast fulfill their purpose. Joshua R. Quong email@example.com